Magazine Státní zastupitelství 3/2012
- Current Trends in Diversions in Criminal Proceedings (Tomáš Palovský)
- Conditional Halting of Criminal Prosecution after Recodification of the Slovak Criminal Process (Maroš Žilinka)
- Some Notes on Practical Application of Diversions (Jan Sladký)
- Polemics: Should High Public Prosecutor’s Offices Be Abolished? (Jan Jakovec, Pavel Komár)
- Agreement on Guilt and Punishment (Petr Aulický)
- Identification of other Person Authorized to Inspect Files in Preliminary Proceedings if Authorization Is Justified by the Need to Assert Their Rights under § 65 Sub 1 Last Clause of Penal Code (Jakub Chromý, Miroslav Růžička)
- Practical Notes on Juvenile Court Proceedings (Karel Šabata)
- Anti-Corruption Prosecution – Inspiration from German Speaking Countries (Jiří Komorous)
Annotation of Articles from Státní zastupitelství 3/2012
Mgr. Tomáš Palovský, Ph.D., Okresní státní zastupitelství Brno-venkov, email: email@example.com
The paper resumes current ammendments to the Czech Criminal Code pertaining to so-called diversions in criminal proceedings. It deals with a possible impact of the changes in practice since it is the law maker’s effort to increase the number of the share of cases that are closed in preliminary procedings. A significant transformation of the conditional suspension of filing a punishment proposal is a consequence of the increase of the number of cases in summary preliminary proceedings, and an attempt to reduce the number of petty cases brought before court. In the conclusion, some legislative proposals are mentioned which would have an impact on the position of public prosecution in preliminary procedings.
Dr.h.c. JUDr. Maroš Žilinka, PhD., zástupca riaditeľa odboru ekonomickej kriminality, Úrad špeciálnej prokuratúry Generálnej prokuratúry Slovenskej republiky, email: Iveta.firstname.lastname@example.org
The paper deals with the institute of conditional halting of criminal prosecution after the recodification of the Slovak criminal process. It discusses the prerequisites and conditions of its use in the context of practical experience in its application by prosecutors in the Slovak Republic, including its contribution to making criminal proceedings easier, faster, more effective and more economical.
JUDr. Jan Sladký, městský státní zástupce Městské státní zastupitelství Brno, email: email@example.com
The artikle describes the experience of the biggest district public prosecutor’s office in the Czech Republic related to the systemic application of diversions. It points primarily to various limiting factors which have an impact on the final number of such decisions.
Jan Jakovec and Pavel Komár have engaged in a stormy debate over one of the most topíval issues in the public prosecution systém which concerns the abolishment of high public prosecutor’s offices, in the light of the prepared new law on public prosecution.
JUDr. Petr Aulický, Nejvyšší státní zastupitelství, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The paper deals with the Institute of the Agreement on Guilt and Punishment, which should be introduced in the Czech Criminal Procedure Code. The first part deals with the positives, negatives and overall suitability of the adoption of this regulation. The second part deals with the negotiation of this agreement between the accused and the prosecutor and with formalities of the agreement. The third part is focused on the approval of this agreement by the court. Attention is also paid to the position of the injured.
Identification of other Person Authorized to Inspect Files in Preliminary Proceedings if Authorization Is Justified by the Need to Assert Their Rights under § 65 Sub 1 Last Clause of Penal Code
JUDr. Jakub Chromý, Ph.D., analytický a legislativní odbor, Nejvyšší státní zastupitelství, email: email@example.com
JUDr. Miroslav Růžička, Ph.D., ředitel analytického a legislativního odboru, Nejvyšší státní zastupitelství, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The paper analyzes the authorization of other persons to inspect files in preliminary proceedings with the approval of a public prosecutoror a police body. The scope of this authorization as well as concrete aspects are defined which are needed to beconsidered in this respect. A critical view is formulated of the realization of the authorization of a public authority to inspect a file in preliminary proceedings in the execution of their public activity.
JUDr. Karel Šabata, Ph.D., Okresní soud v Uherském Hradišti, email: email@example.com
The paper describes practical procedures that lead to achieving the purpose of Act No. 218/2003 Coll. Acts committed by children and petty offenses must be excluded from consideration. The proceedings should involve the Probation and Mediation Service. It is necessary to eliminate protractions in proceedings. The substance of the proposal ensues from § 79 of Civil Procedure Rules. The execution of the ruling to perform socially beneficial activities appears to cause no problem. A procedure leading to the imposition of such measures is described.
Mgr. Jiří Komorous, státní zástupce Krajského státního zastupitelství v Plzni, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The paper presents a summary of study visits undertaken in 2011 of Czech public prosecutors specialized in prosecuting corruption at special prosecution offices or their sections dealing with this issue in Germany and Austria. Mostly positive experience with establishing specialized public prosecution offices or at least sec-tions for combatting corruption in German speaking countries could be a good inspiration for the newly conceived structure of Czech public prosecution.