Magazine Státní zastupitelství 6/2013
- Trafficking in People – Modern Slavery (Danuta Koné Król, Ingrid Záhorová-Nedbálková, Jana Zezulová)
- Action BOLERO (Anna Richterová, Radim Kadlček)
- Activities of Eurojust in Fighting Trafficking in People (Lukáš Starý)
- Analysis of Proposed Directive to Establish European Public Prosecutor’s Office and Prospects for its Adoption: Breakthrough in Europe-Style Criminal Law? (Robert Zbíral)
- On one Judgement, Childbirths, and Freedom (Pavel Uhl)
- On some Interpretation Problems of the Act on Medical Services from the Point of View of the Scope of Prosecution in Criminal Proceedings (Jakub Chromý, Miroslav Růžička)
- Insolvency Proceedings and Criminal Proceedings – Selected Connections (Karel Šabata)
- Application Problems Connected to the Criminalization of Labor Exploitation (Michal Šmíd)
Annotation of Articles from Státní zastupitelství 6/2013
Mgr. Danuta Koné Król, státní zástupkyně MO NSZ, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
JUDr. Ingrid Záhorová-Nedbálková, státní zástupkyně OMOP NSZ,, zástupce národního korespondenta pro boj proti obchodování s lidmi, email: email@example.com
JUDr. Jana Zezulová, Ph.D., státní zástupkyně ALO NSZ, národní korespondent pro boj proti obchodování s lidmi, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The paper discusses the topical problem of trafficking in people in the form of sexual and labor exploitation. It points to the most important international and European legal documents dealing with the problem. It also includes a segment on trafficking in people from the point of view of the decision of the European Court of Human Rights. The practical part contains findings of the appella-tion practice, in concrete terms the problem of relations between pimping and trafficking in people, and the interpretation of the term of forced labor and other forms of exploitation.
JUDr. Anna Richterová, zástupkyně národního člena České republiky v Eurojustu, email: email@example.com
Mgr. Radim Kadlček, státní zástupce, Krajské státní zastupitelství v Ústí nad Labem, pobočka Liberec, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
This contribution provides information on one of the successful cases of cross-border investigation concerning the crime of trafficking in human beings during which a new tool of judicial cooperation – joint investigation teams – was used. It gives practical advice with respect to the preparation, establishment and functioning of a JIT. The article also touches upon the possibility of the involvement of Eurojust. It points out some of the particularities of the British legal system which had to be overcome by the joint team.
Mgr. Lukáš Starý, národní člen České republiky v Eurojustu, email: email@example.com
The author, Czech national member of Eurojust and at the same time a contact point of Eurojust for trafficking in people, reviews the most significant activities of Eurojust in the field of trafficking in people. He focuses exclusively on the so-called horizontal problems, i.e. the activity which is not directly linked to concrete cases of international judicial cooperation. However, it is closely related to them. He describes the activity of the Czech Eurojust representation which is not generally known to those who request the intervention of Eurojust. Therefore, the article can be of interest not only to specialists on this kind of crime but also those who deal with Eurojust and the international legal cooperation in general.
Analysis of Proposed Directive to Establish European Public Prosecutor’s Office and Prospects for its Adoption: Breakthrough in Europe-Style Criminal Law?
JUDr. PhDr. Robert Zbíral, Ph.D., Právnická fakulta Univerzity Palackého v Olomouci, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Criminal law ranks among the most sensitive areas of national legal systems. And yet, it has been ever more exposed to the EU influence. Perhaps the most significant step in its “europeization” was made in the summer of 2013 when the Commission submitted a proposal of a directive to establish the European Public Prosecutor’s Office. The paper analyses the background and the contents of the proposal, and it concludes that both the justification of the need of the proposal and, especially the framework of the future Office is very controversial in that it would significantly interfere in the structure of national public prosecution systems. The paper attempts to predict the result of future negotiations about the proposal.If the outcome is positive, only selected EU member states are expected to participate in the form of boosted cooperation. This solution would result in further differentiation in the sphere of criminal cooperation, and it would most likely result in the violation of cooperation among states, that
Pavel Uhl, advokát, email: email@example.com
The paper examines the Constitutional Court legal statement (I. ÚS 4457/12) where the court has addressed the question under which conditions it is possible to prosecute a midwife for the consequences of in-house child delivery. The article analyses both the formal aspect of the case, especially the applicability of expert reviews and their legal significance, including the scope of requirements which they lay on the accused. The paper concludes with the analysis of relations between the free choice and its consequences in the context of general legal principles, with regard to the fact that the Constitutional Court has touched upon this issue.
On some Interpretation Problems of the Act on Medical Services from the Point of View of the Scope of Prosecution in Criminal Proceedings
JUDr. Jakub Chromý, Ph.D.,státní zástupce analytického a legislativního odboru Nejvyššího státního zastupitelství, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
JUDr. Miroslav Růžička, Ph.D.,ředitel analytického a legislativního odboru Nejvyššího státního zastupitelství, email: email@example.com
The paper analyses three significant interpretation problems which have appeared in the operation of authorities in criminal proceedings, including the public prosecution service, in connection with the application of the new Act on Medical Services and the conditions under which they are provided. It focuses on breaking the secrecy of providers of medical services and the medical staff for the needs of criminal proceedings, checking the medical documentation by authorities in criminal proceedings, making excerpts or copies of the medical documentation and providing data on the stay of a patient in a medical institution for the needs of criminal proceedings.
JUDr. Karel Šabata, PhD., soudce, Okresní soud v Uherském Hradišti, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
It happens quite often that the insolvency proceedings affect the simultaneously held criminal proceedings. The bankruptcy itself does not discontinue the criminal proceedings. Insolvency proceedings have no direct relation to the actual criminal proceedings and, the insolvency proceedings against the offender do not affect the actual execution of the criminal proceedings.
Mgr. et Bc. Michal Šmíd, Odbor bezpečnostní politiky, Ministerstvo vnitra ČR, email: email@example.com
The article analyses the causes of application problems which are connected to the criminalization of labor exploitation. The author deals especially with the interpretation of the terms „forced labor“ and „other forms of exploitation“. He also elaborates on the Dutch understanding of the term „practices similar to slavery“ that could be very inspiring for the police and judicial practice in the Czech Republic. This paper also focuses on the issue whether the Czech Republic should not understand trafficking in human beings as a two-sided relationship between the exploiter and the victim.