Magazine Státní zastupitelství 6/2017
- Better than perfect: About penalty and prison in fifty years (Jakub Drápal)
- Inspection of opportunistic decisions of the public prosecutor (Katarína Kandová)
- Constitutional Conformation of Article 26 of the Criminal Procedure Code (Vítězslav Kozák)
- Criminal-law aspects of abortion in Poland (Adéla Rosůlek)
- Managers of crime prevention at local level in the process of preventive work (Kazimír Večerka, Markéta Štěchová)
- Criminal integrity of the botnetmaster in connection with providing botnet to a phishing attack (Kateřina Hlaváčová)
Annotation of Articles from Státní zastupitelství 6/2017
Mgr. Jakub Drápal, doktorand na katedře trestního práva PrF UK, asistent soudkyně Ústavního soudu
This article deals with the 50th anniversary of publication of Oto Novotný‘s book ‚Of punishment and prisons‘ [O trestu a vězeňství]. There are four main parts of the article: Reasons why the book is viewed as exceptional even after fifty years; certain criticism of ideological excesses and shortages due to the period when the book was published; general and specific ways how Oto Novotný can inspire us even after twenty years.
Mgr. Katarína Kandová, doktorandka na katedře trestního práva Prf MU, asistentka soudce Nejvyššího soudu, email: Katarina.Kandova@law.muni.cz
Submitted article deals with various possibilities of control of so-called opportunity decisions of public prosecutor who can discretionally decide on non-prosecution (event. termination) of criminal prosecution because of its inexpediency. Thus, with regard to prepared recodification of criminal procedural law, it reacts to proclaimed strengthening of opportunity exceptions from principle of legality and related demand on their increased control. While the article offers historical and comparative look back to analysed issue, its author presents her own attitude to contemporary as well as proposed control mechanisms. Object of de lege ferenda reflections is, in general, court control of opportunity decisions of public prosecutor, and then in particular, eventual implementation of private and subsidiary action into the Czech criminal proceedings.
Mgr. Vítězslav Kozák, právní čekatel Okresního státního zastupitelství v Kroměříži
The paper aims to point out the practical problems faced by the Public Prosecutor’s Office in connection with the recent finding of the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, which defined the Public Prosecutor’s Office as a party to the proceedings before the court and for the preparatory proceedings, where it then deduced from this position the requirement of a general determination of the local jurisdiction of the court to decide on the preparatory proceedings.
JUDr. Adéla Rosůlek, doktorandka na katedře trestního práva Prf UK , právní čekatelka Okresního státního zastupitelství v Pardubicích email: Jan.Rosulek@seznam.cz
The participation of the judge in decision-making in the preliminary proceeding, whether to leave the current regulation or possibly to base it on or change it depending on the requirements of the practice or to completely change the system and replace it with others, for example by introducing the institute of the investigating magistrate.
PhDr. Kazimír Večerka, CSc., Institut pro kriminologii a sociální prevenci, Praha, email: email@example.com
PhDr. Markéta Štěchová, Institut pro kriminologii a sociální prevenci, Praha, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The paper informs about the results of an empirical survey that focused on the wider context of the current state of crime prevention in relation to crime prevention managers in cipalities municipalities.
Mgr. Bc. Kateřina Hlaváčová, doktorandka na katedře trestního práva PrF MU
The botnet, a network of infected computers controlled by the originator of malware, is behind a high amount of threats to cybersecurity. It is logical that the legal science must react to this new security phenomenon, especially by deconstructing longtime criminal law institutes. This article deals with the criminal liability of botnet masters for the phishing attack committed by a third person with the help of a botnet.