Prof. JUDr. Vladimír Kratochvíl, CSc., professor emeritus, Faculty of Law, Masaryk University in Brno, external associate, Department of Criminal Law, Faculty of Law, Masaryk University in Brno, email: Vladimir.Kratochvil@nsoud.cz

As mentioned in its title, the offered text analyses the fundamental principle of Czech criminal material law applied in a concrete case decided by the Supreme Court as an appellate court. The subject of the discussion was the practical impact of the mentioned specific fundamental principle governing participation in the narrower sense, i.e. the outreach and impact of the aspect of guilt and punishment on participating subjects of criminal liability, namely on the aider. The quoted resolution of the Supreme Court approved on 27 June 2018 for inclusion in the Collection of Court Resolutions and Opinions was discussed by the Evidence Chamber of the Criminal Collegium of the Supreme Court, as well as the Criminal Collegium itself.