Mgr. Vít Peštuka, akademický pracovník, Justiční akademie Kroměříž, email: vpestuka@akademie.justice.cz

The paper focuses on the structure of the public prosecution service in Italy. It explains the sense and implications of basic terms in this area. It elaborates in particular on the specifics of the operation of the public prosecution service in Italy: cooperation between the public prosecution service and police, and the existence and powers of national and regional centers fighting organized crime. The paper also deals with the conditions which have an impact on the independence of the public prosecution service in Italy mentioning, in this respect, the autonomy of the judicial system and its supreme body – the Supreme Judicial Council.