Mgr. Tomáš Palovský, Ph.D., Okresní státní zastupitelství Brno-venkov, email: tpalovsky@osz.brnv.justice.cz

The paper deals with the organization, functions, and the position ofthe Polish Public ProsecutionService after a major transformation in 2010. The Polish Prosecution Service represents a monocratic, hierarchical and subordinate organization, which does not fulfill only the role of the public prosecutor in criminalproceedings, but it also protects and preserves the rule of law and public interest in other legal branches.