Mgr. Jiří Pavlík, Deputy of the Supreme Public Prosecutor, Supreme Public Prosecutor’s Office

JUDr. Jakub Chromý, Ph.D., public prosecutor, Analytical and Legislative Department, Supreme Public Prosecutor’s Office, email: JChromy@nsz.brn.justice.cz

Mgr. Tomáš Husák, statistician, Supreme Public Prosecutor’s Office

In Article 100(1) the Constitution of the Czech Republic states that territorial self-governing units are territorial communities of citizens having the right to self-governance. It is beyond any doubt that active participation in the self-government of municipalities and regions in the form of discharging the office of assembly members, councillors, mayors or regional presidents is praiseworthy and challenging work. However, it is also associated with certain liability. In law, liability means the necessity to bear the consequences of particular acts or omissions. In cases of utmost importance, the protection of community goods is secured through the system of criminal law. Like other citizens of the Czech Republic, the elected officials of territorial self-governing units are subject to criminal liability for committed criminal offences. Unlike other types of representatives in the wider sense, such as parliamentary deputies or senators, assembly members and councillors discharging their office are not equipped with the benefaction of immunity or the institute of approval of criminal prosecution by the assembly or council, of which they are members.