JUDr. Alena Tibitanzlová, Ph.D., Department of Criminal Law, Faculty of Law, Charles University, email: Tibitanzlova.Alena@seznam.cz

On the outside, the deposition of a pecuniary amount designated to the state to provide financial aid to criminal activity victims may seem as a certain covert form of punishment. However, it is not so even though it does contain a certain sanction element. Financial performance provided by the accused represents a specific form of reparation or compensation of injury, which is recognised by public interest as a result of the committed criminal act. In principle, public interest is affected by any criminal offence, namely in the extent corresponding to its social harm. Concurrently, the pecuniary amount deposited by the accused also serves as a source of financial means for providing financial aid to criminal activity victims.