JUDr. Jakub Matocha, email: Matocha@osz.pha6.justice.cz

What can be considered as materiel is an important question not only for army contractors but primarily for state bodies evaluating the lawfulness of individual transactions involving materiel since the conceivable liability of the army contractor depends upon the correct evaluation of the traded commodity. With a view to the fact that the definition of materiel is not exhaustive and, at the same time, it is necessary for adjudging the objective aspect of selected criminal offences, this article attempts to familiarise with the case law of higher-level and namely criminal courts that have been dealing with this topic, as well as to bring attention to other aspects associated therewith.